Digestive enzymes are produced by the digestive system. They make possible the separation of complex molecules into simple molecules, which can be recorded by the organism. They are produced in the saliva, in the stomach and in the pancreas.
Each enzyme works on the level of a specific substrate. There are three types of identification:
- The proteolytic enzymes, which act on the proteins.
- The glycolytic enzymes, which act on the carbohydrates.
- The lipolytic enzymes, which act on the lipids (fats).
Digestive enzymes usually have a name ending in "ASE" depending on the molecule which they convert. Proteases digest, for example, proteins, lipids digest lipases, amylases digest starch.
Description of the enzymes present in the Ortho Multizym
A protease is an enzyme that breaks the peptide compounds of proteins. They are also referred to as peptidases, or proteolytic enzymes.
A lactase is an enzyme which hydrolyzes lactose into glucose and galactose. It is also called galactosidase.
An amylase is an enzyme from the family of hydrolases, which mainly catalyze the hydrolysis of starch to reducing sugars.
A glucoamylase is an enzyme which the sugar chains such as maltose breaks down to a more simple sugar, glucose.
An invertase is an enzyme which hydrolyzes sucrose into glucose and fructose. It is also present in the cells of brewer's yeast. It is also called sucrase or sacharase.
A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that is capable of hydrolysis of ester functions and that specializes in the conversion of triglyceride (lipid) into glycerol and fatty acids (lipolysis).