Digestive enzymes are produced by the digestive system. They make possible the separation of complex molecules into simple molecules, which can be absorbed by the organism. They are produced in the saliva, in the stomach and in the pancreas.
Each enzyme acts at the level of a specific substrate. There are three types of identification:
- The proteolytic enzymes, which act on the proteins.
- The glycolytic enzymes, which act on the carbohydrates.
- The lipolytic enzymes, which act on the lipids (fats).
Digestive enzymes usually have a name ending in "ASE", depending on the molecule which they convert. For example, proteases digest proteins, lipases digest lipids, amylase to digest starch.
Description of the enzymes that are present in Ortho Multizym
A protease is an enzyme which breaks the peptide compounds of proteins. They are also referred to as peptidases, or proteolytic enzymes.
A lactase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes lactose to glucose and galactose. It is also called galactosidase.
An amylase is an enzyme from the family of hydrolases, which mainly catalyze the hydrolysis of starch to reducing sugars.
A glucoamylase is an enzyme that breaks down the sugar chains such as maltose to a simpler sugar, glucose.
A invertase is an enzyme that hydrolyzes sucrose into glucose and fructose. It is also present in the cells of brewer's yeast. It is also called sucrase or sucrase.
A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that is capable of hydrolysis of ester functions and that specializes in the conversion of triglyceride (lipid) into glycerol and fatty acids (lipolysis).